The Epic of Gilgamesh
Although the Sumerian epic of Gilgamesh was written on clay tablets around 4,500 years ago, those clay fragments were not known to the Western World until the mid 1800’s when they were found by the English archaeologist Austen Henry Layard. The first translation was made in the 1870’s by George Smith. This amazing story is often taught at sixth grade level and into high school and college. The content of the tale is brutal in places, and there are sections which include sex. Some versions of the story for middle and high schools are greatly simplified, have important sections removed and parts added losing the human condition of the story.
As both my own children read and studied the epic at school, as a storyteller I found the versions they were learning from fell short and/or were inaccurate. Working with Social Studies and Language Arts teachers (and my, then, eleven year daughter) I created an authentic retelling of Gilgamesh and a number of activities for use in the classroom appropriate for school age children. The PDF is available on Teachers Pay Teachers. I recorded an audio version of the story in November 2017 and the following April it won a Gold Award from Parent’s Choice. Told in an exciting and engaging way, it is designed to draw students in and interest them not just in this epic, but others. This version encourages young people to find other epics and sagas such as Beowulf, the Iliad, and the Volsungs. It has been called one of the most accessible retellings of Gilgamesh.
I perform this story live and work with students on a series of activities which are built to work with Social Studies and Language Arts curriculum and common core standards. This can be completed with a single class as a half, or full day school visit depending on activities.
The Epic of Gilgamesh, a retelling by Simon Brooks, illustrated by Aidan Brooks, copyright 2017
Introduction and Part One
The introduction gives a little background and history of the epic and lists the resources I used. It also provides the setting geographically and a brief summary of the story.
Part One tells of the tyranny of Gilgamesh and his meeting of Enkidu.
Gilgamesh decides to invade the Cedar Forest. There he and Enkidu slay Humbaba. Gilgamesh insults the goddess Ishtar and the king and his companion have to face the Bull of the Heavens.
A terrible punishment is handed out to Gilgamesh and he goes in search of immortality. He crosses the Waters of Death, and returns to his kingdom of Uruk humbled.
In the book form (PDF at this point) there is a list of the characters and who and what they are, a lexicon/vocabulary list, a resource list and series of activities.